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Mehdi Shokri



Strauss’s Farabi

Issue: 2:2 (The sixth issue)
It is very likely to speak about the “Modern Crisis” and the fundamental political aspect of it in these days. Also it has been common to consider these issues with respect to “the Ancient Greek Thoughts”. It has been admitted, but not generally, that the same attitude was taken, proposed and cultivated by one of our contemporary thinkers: Leo Strauss.

Islam and Politics: the Case of the Islamic State

Issue: 5:2 (The eighteenth issue)
This paper assesses the fundamental relation between the Islamic-political
movements and establishment of the Islamic law (Shari'a). I argue against the
critiques of western foreign policy and show that the Islamic State (Caliphate)
is both a result of the historical process of the people of a region and the
extreme interpretation of the text and Sunna which emphasizes on the
traditional Sharia law and the concept of Jihad by fortifying political Islam qua
militant Islam. I argue that the Islamic revival aims to a certain political order
which threatens the world security and peace. Moreover, I argue that the
structural violation of Human Rights is rooted in the traditional concept of
Islamic law or Sharia, which obtains its immunity by an illegitimate power.
This traditional Islamic law is the inalienable character of
authoritarian/totalitarian regimes. This paper is based on the assumption that
the extreme ideological/theoretical interpretation implies the empirical
objectives of Militant Islamic community with or without any external
influential elements. In this sense, we can address the question: how different
interpretations and traditions in executing the Islamic Sharia give the social
and political grounds a seed for the emergence of violence and terrorism. At
the end, this paper ends with a propose which emphasizes on the role of
international cooperation to find a resolution and also on the education as a
long-term plan to defeat extremism and terrorism.