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The article in the issue 11:3/4:

The date of the publication:
2023-01-17
The number of pages:
72
The issue:
11:3/4
Commentaries:
0
The Authors
Sofia Almpani, Elena Lisanyuk, Andrew Schumann, Antonis Kakas, Dimitra Serakioti, Petros Stefaneas, Vladimir A. Stepanov, Panayiotis V. Frangos, Marcin Trepczyński, Ted Peters, Konrad Szocik, Vojko Strahovnik,

Marcin Trepczyński is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Warsaw, occupied with medieval philosophy and theology, including their logical and methodological aspects (main publications: https://uw.academia.edu/MarcinTrepczy%C5%84ski). Member of the organising committee of Logic and Religion congresses (https://www.logicandreligion.com/). Editor-in-chief of the journal "Edukacja Filozoficzna" / "Philosophical Education" (http://www.edukacja-filozoficzna.uw.edu.pl/).
Email: m.trepczynski@uw.edu.pl

ARTICLE:

Non-Monotonic Reasoning in Medieval Theology: Problems and Assumptions

Some interesting cases of non-monotonic reasoning have already been identified in medieval theological texts. Jacob Archambault proved in 2015 that the argumentation presented by St Anselm of Canterbury in his Proslogion has non-monotonic “embeddings”. My own contribution from 2011 indicated that we can argue that a non-monotonic logic underlies some discussions provided by St Thomas Aquinas in his Summa theologiae, and showed that Boethius of Dacia used non-monotonic reasoning in his De aeternitate mundi. In this article, I would like to briefly present these examples and verify whether we can speak about similar cases in medieval Biblical exegesis. My aim is to outline particular problems connected with the identification of non-monotonicity which are specific to theology, as well as assumptions that should be adopted to successfully discuss this issue.

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