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Andrew Schumann, Andrzej Dąbrowski, Sławomir Tkacz, Marek Hetmański, Małgorzata Obrycka, Krzysztof Majczyk,

Marek Hetmański is Full Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science, Maria Curie Skłodowska University, Lublin. His areas of interest are: epistemology, philosophy of mind, theory of information and communication, theories of rationality, and decision making problem. He published four monographs (in Polish), among which are: Epistemologia informacji [Epistemology of Information] (2013), Świat informacji [Information World] (2015), as well as book chapters and papers: “Technologized Epistemology” (Academic Books 2010),  “Epistemology as philosophy of knowledge: old dilemmas and new perspectives” (Dialogue and Universalism 2008), “The actual role of metaphors in knowledge organization” (Ergon Verlag 2014). He has edited recently Rationality and Decision Making: From Normative Rules to Heuristics(Brill/Rodopi 2018).


Expert Knowledge: Its Structure, Functions and Limits

Expert knowledge – a concept associated with Ryle’s distinction of knowledgethat
and knowledge-how – functions in distinct areas of knowledge and social
expertise. Consisting of both propositional (declarative) and procedural
(instrumental) knowledge, expertise is performative in its essence. It depends
not only on expert’s experience and cognitive competences, but also on his or
her social and institutional position. The paper considers the role of heuristic
and intuitional abilities, including particular experts’ cognitive biases, as the
vital and indispensable part of expertise. On the basis of selected managerial
and juridical examples (procedures, standards, norms and institutional
regulations) it analyzes the epistemological issues: the autonomy versus
dependence of expert knowledge as well as the influence of social-cognitive
circumstances on expertise.

December 17th, 2018


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