Finite Systems Handling Language
(YAFOLL message 1)
The concept a finite multi-carrier algebraic system (FMAS) as well as a language for handling systems such as YAFOLL (Yet Another First Order Logic Language) are introduced. The applicability of such systems to building a mathematical model of a part of reality, i.e. a mathematical structure that can be asked questions about the properties of subject domain objects and processes, is demonstrated.
Poland: A Dark Side of Church Cultural Policy
The cultural policy of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland is incorporated into state-run cultural policies. The organs of public authority enforce the objectives of Church regardless of Church’s actual ability to influence the society. It should be pointed out that the secularization of religion in Poland is frequently misinterpreted and usually equated with its deprivatization. It is worth mentioning that Catholicism is the dominant religion of the country and the Roman Catholic Church has hold a special position in Poland and play a major role in the country’s social and political life. In practice, however, Polish society appears to be religiously indifferent. This paper proves that the official, state-run cultural policy in Poland is based on favoritism of the Roman Catholic Church, regardless of Church’s actual ability to wield influence on society. Thus, there is a variety of implicit and explicit cultural policies implemented by the authorities to support Church. This work also aims at addressing the question of social attitudes to women, especially the one concerning the UN and EU law embracing women’s rights, until recently still not implemented in Poland. This paper further explores some peculiarities of this topic as an example of a specific outcome of Church cultural policy and its impact on both the past and present-day society.
Neurobiology of Consciousness: Current Research and Perspectives
Scientific, objective approach to consciousness has allowed to obtain some experimental data concerning brain activity, ignoring, however, the long-standing philosophical tradition. Spectacular development of neuroscience which has been observed recently made this dissonance particularly noticeable. The paper addresses the main problems of discrepancy between neurobiological research and philosophical perspective. Current opinions concerning neural correlates and models of consciousness are discussed, as well as the problems of working memory, attention, self, and disorders of consciousness. A new neurobiological approach to describe brain function in terms of brain connectivity (so-called connectome) is also presented. Finally, the need to introduce at least some aspects of philosophical approach directly into neurobiological research of consciousness is postulated.
A Composition of Fuzzy Sets
A new operation on fuzzy sets – the r-composition of n-sets – is introduced. The particular cases of this operation are logical conjunction (r = 1) or disjunction (r = n). In the general case (1 < r < n), this operation is purely fuzzy and has no analogs among the operations on fuzzy sets. The operation of r-composition is applied to the solution of control problems under uncertainty.
On Hungarian Philosophy. Its European Past and European Future
Béla Mester (1962), PhD, Senior Research Fellow of the Institute of Philosophy, Research Centre for the Humanities, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary; share-time associate professor of University of Nyíregyháza when he is an alumnus; member of the editorial boards of Hungarian Philosophical Review and Kellék; vice-president of the Hungarian Philosophical Society; Doctor universitatis of history of philosophy (ELTE University, Budapest, 1997); PhD of literary studies (UBB University, Cluj/Kolozsvár/Klausenburg, 2003, in Romania, in Hungarian); PhD of political philosophy (ELTE University, Budapest, 2005); fields of research: history of early modern political philosophy, history of Hungarian philosophy.