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Filip Kobiela, Przemyslaw Spryszak, Bartosz Brożek, Mateusz Hohol, Błażej Skrzypulec, Ronald Bon de Sousa Pernes, Andrzej Dąbrowski,
Błażej Skrzypulec is a Ph.D. candidate at the Department of Philosophy of Jagiellonian University (Kraków, Poland). Interested in philosophy of perception, analytic metaphysics, formal ontology, and social ontology. In his dissertation he develops an ontological model of visual content.


Two Types of Visual Objects

While it is widely accepted that human vision represents objects, it is less clear which of the various philosophical notions of ‘object’ adequately characterizes visual objects. In this paper, I show that within contemporary cognitive psychology visual objects are characterized in two distinct, incompatible ways. On the one hand, models of visual organization describe visual objects in terms of combinations of features, in accordance with the philosophical bundle theories of objects. However, models of visual persistence apply a notion of visual objects that is more similar to that endorsed in philosophical substratum theories. Here I discuss arguments that might show either that only one of the above notions of visual objects is adequate in the context of human vision, or that the category of visual objects is not uniform and contains entities properly characterized by different philosophical conceptions.


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