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Special Issue: Evolutionary perspectives on atheism/unbelief (deadline: 31 December 2018)
June 7th, 2018
Evolutionary perspectives on atheism/unbelief

Despite increasing secularization and a decreasing role played by institutionalized religions in the western world, many scholars within the study of religion – from history through sociology and evolutionary accounts – continue to focus their inquiries on the study of the religious, without giving much attention to non-believers. There are few evolutionary explanations of atheism, and those that exist are either under-developed or investigate atheism through the lens and default starting position of religious belief. An example of this is the Cognitive Science of Religion (CSR), since even though many scholars are working towards an evolutionary paradigm for atheism, a widely established Cognitive Science of Atheism does not yet exist, so studies of cognition and atheism fall within CSR.
We would like to invite scholars interested in the evolutionary study of atheism (including unbelief, nonbelief, agnosticism, etc.) to submit their paper proposals to the special issue of the “Studia Humana” journal published by De Gruyter (affiliate at the Department of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at the University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow, Poland). We are going to consider, among others, the following topics:
- Critical evaluations of CSR and other literatures that approach nonbelief as an irregularity
- Atheism as an adaptation/feature of evolution
- Atheism in the light of bio-behavioral and epidemiological theories of culture
- Atheism in the light of gene-culture co-evolutionary approaches
- Atheism as a default or alternate human cognitive mode
- The atheistic worldview being an evolutionary source of morality
- Atheism as group and/or individual level adaptation
- Ultimate causes of atheism
- The evolutionary functions of atheism
Note: Atheism is being used as a blanket-term here for any studies dealing with the religiously unaffiliated, unbelievers, non-believers, and to a lesser extent, agnostics. If your work falls within these boundaries, please feel free to send us a proposed article.
All interested authors are welcome to send a summary in the form of an abstract by the end of June. Papers should be submitted by the end of December to Please include “Studia Humana Special Issue” in the title of the email. We anticipate the special issue entering press around the beginning of 2019.

Kyle J Messick
Brain, Belief, and Behaviour Lab
Coventry University

Joseph Langston
Mind in Context Lab
Victoria University of Wellington
Atheist Research Collaborative

Konrad Szocik
Department of Philosophy and Cognitive Science,
University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow (Poland)

Special Issue on the occasion of the 150th birth anniversary of Leon Petrażycki
November 10th, 2017
Special Issue on Talmudic Hermeneutics
July 8th, 2016
The Mars Colonization
February 1st, 2016


Many-worlds theory of truth
author: Alexander Boldachev,
The logical world is a set of propositions, united by common principles of establishing their truth. The many-worlds theory asserting that the truth of any proposition in any given logical world is always established by comparing it with standard propositions in this world – directly or via the procedure of transferring the truth.


Truth and Adequacy.
Remarks on Petrażycki’s Methodology

author: Jan Woleński,
The paper discusses the concept of adequacy central for Pertażycki’s methodology.
According to Petrażycki any valuable scientific theory should be adequate,
that is, neither limping (to broad with respect its actual scope) nor jumping
(too narrow with respect to its actual scope). Consequently, adequacy of a
theory is a stronger condition than its truth. Every adequacy theory is true, but
not conversely. However, there is problem, because scientific laws are conditionals
(implications). This suggests that adequacy is too strong conditions, because
the consequence of an implication has a wider scope than its antecedent.
Thus, laws should have the form of equivalence. The paper shows how modeltheoretic
characterization of theories allows to recognize truth and adequacy,
consistently with Petrażycki’s claims.

The Knobe Effect From the Perspective of Normative Orders

author: Andrzej Waleszczyński, Michał Obidziński, Julia Rejewska,
The characteristic asymmetry in the attribution of intentionality in causing side
effects, known as the Knobe effect, is considered to be a stable model of
human cognition. This article looks at whether the way of thinking and
analysing one scenario may affect the other and whether the mutual
relationship between the ways in which both scenarios are analysed may affect
the stability of the Knobe effect. The theoretical analyses and empirical studies
performed are based on a distinction between moral and non-moral normativity
possibly affecting the judgments passed in both scenarios. Therefore, an
essential role in judgments about the intentionality of causing a side effect
could be played by normative competences responsible for distinguishing
between normative orders.

The Emotivism of Law.
Systematic Irrationality, Imagined Orders,
and the Spirit of Decision Making

author: Adrian Mróz,
The process of decision making is predictable and irrational according to
Daniel Ariely and other economic behaviorists, historians, and philosophers
such as Daniel Kahneman or Yuval Noah Harari. Decisions made anteriorly
can be, but don’t have to be, present in the actions of a person. Stories and
shared belief in myths, especially those that arise from a system of human
norms and values and are based on a belief in a “supernatural” order (religion)
are important. Because of this, mass cooperation amongst strangers is possible.